EnvironmentPostProcessor怎么做单元测试?阿里P7解答

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简介

从Spring Boot 1.3开始,我们可以在应用程序上下文刷新之前使用EnvironmentPostProcessor来自定义应用程序的EnvironmentEnvironment表示当前应用程序运行的环境,它可以统一访问各种属性源中的属性,如属性文件、JVM系统属性、系统环境变量和Servlet上下文参数。使用EnvironmentPostProcessor可以在bean初始化之前对Environment进行修改。

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使用示例

让我们设想一个需求,配置文件中的数据库密码是加密后的密文,如:

spring.datasource.password=js8sbAwkduzPTEWQrlDbTw==

在应用启动时,对密文进行解密后再进行数据库的连接。

针对这种需求,就可以通过EnvironmentPostProcessor对密文进行解密,重新放到Environment中。

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1.实现EnvironmentPostProcessor

package one.more;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.env.EnvironmentPostProcessor;
import org.springframework.core.env.ConfigurableEnvironment;
import org.springframework.core.env.PropertiesPropertySource;

import java.util.Properties;

public class DecodeEnvironmentPostProcessor implements EnvironmentPostProcessor {

    public static final String SPRING_DATASOURCE_PASSWORD = "spring.datasource.password";
    public static final String AES_SECRET = "OneMore";

    @Override
    public void postProcessEnvironment(ConfigurableEnvironment environment, SpringApplication application) {
        String password = environment.getProperty(SPRING_DATASOURCE_PASSWORD);
        Properties properties = new Properties();
        properties.setProperty(SPRING_DATASOURCE_PASSWORD, AESUtil.decrypt(password, AES_SECRET));
        PropertiesPropertySource propertiesPropertySource = new PropertiesPropertySource(SPRING_DATASOURCE_PASSWORD,
                properties);
        environment.getPropertySources().addFirst(propertiesPropertySource);
    }
}

如果你希望EnvironmentPostProcessor按照特定的顺序被调用,可以实现Ordered接口,或者使用@Order注解。

2.注册实现类

想要在Spring Boot启动过程中调用这个实现类,我们还需要在META-INF/ Spring .factories中注册这个实现类:

org.springframework.boot.env.EnvironmentPostProcessor=
  one.more.DecodeEnvironmentPostProcessor

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单元测试

下面介绍本文的重点:怎么做EnvironmentPostProcessor实现类的单元测试,话不多说,直接上代码:

package one.more;

import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Test;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.WebApplicationType;
import org.springframework.boot.builder.SpringApplicationBuilder;
import org.springframework.boot.env.EnvironmentPostProcessor;
import org.springframework.context.ConfigurableApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.core.env.ConfigurableEnvironment;
import org.springframework.core.env.PropertiesPropertySource;

import java.util.Properties;

public class DecodeEnvironmentPostProcessorTest {

    @Test
    public void testPostProcessEnvironment() {
        DecodeEnvironmentPostProcessor processor = new DecodeEnvironmentPostProcessor();
        String password = "one-more";
        Properties properties = new Properties();
        properties.setProperty(DecodeEnvironmentPostProcessor.SPRING_DATASOURCE_PASSWORD,
                AESUtil.encrypt(password, DecodeEnvironmentPostProcessor.AES_SECRET));
        ConfigurableEnvironment environment = getEnvironment(processor, properties);

        Assert.assertEquals(password,
                environment.getProperty(DecodeEnvironmentPostProcessor.SPRING_DATASOURCE_PASSWORD));

    }

    /**
     * 获取一个经过EnvironmentPostProcessor处理过的Environment
     *
     * @param processor  EnvironmentPostProcessor实现类的实例
     * @param properties 预置准备做单元测试的属性
     * @return 处理过的Environment
     */
    private ConfigurableEnvironment getEnvironment(EnvironmentPostProcessor processor, Properties properties) {
        // 创建一个SpringApplication
        SpringApplication springApplication = new SpringApplicationBuilder()
                .sources(DecodeEnvironmentPostProcessor.class)
                .web(WebApplicationType.NONE).build();
        // 获取应用上下文
        ConfigurableApplicationContext context = springApplication.run();
        // 获取Environment
        ConfigurableEnvironment environment = context.getEnvironment();
        //添加准备做单元测试的属性
        environment.getPropertySources()
                .addFirst(new PropertiesPropertySource("test", properties));
        processor.postProcessEnvironment(environment, springApplication);
        context.close();
        return environment;
    }
}

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附:加解密工具类代码

package one.more;

import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;

import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.KeyGenerator;
import javax.crypto.SecretKey;
import javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.SecureRandom;

public class AESUtil {

    private static final String DEFAULT_CIPHER_ALGORITHM = "AES/ECB/PKCS5Padding";
    private static final String KEY_ALGORITHM = "AES";

    public static String encrypt(String content, String password) {
        try {
            Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(DEFAULT_CIPHER_ALGORITHM);
            byte[] byteContent = content.getBytes("utf-8");
            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, getSecretKey(password));
            byte[] result = cipher.doFinal(byteContent);
            return Base64.encodeBase64String(result);
        } catch (Exception ex) {

        }
        return null;
    }

    public static String decrypt(String content, String password) {
        try {
            Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(DEFAULT_CIPHER_ALGORITHM);
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, getSecretKey(password));
            byte[] result = cipher.doFinal(Base64.decodeBase64(content));
            return new String(result, "utf-8");
        } catch (Exception ex) {
        }
        return null;
    }

    private static SecretKeySpec getSecretKey(final String password) {
        KeyGenerator kg = null;
        try {
            kg = KeyGenerator.getInstance(KEY_ALGORITHM);
            kg.init(128, new SecureRandom(password.getBytes()));
            SecretKey secretKey = kg.generateKey();
            return new SecretKeySpec(secretKey.getEncoded(), KEY_ALGORITHM);
        } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException ex) {

        }
        return null;
    }
}

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